初中孩子如何提高英语阅读理解

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如果想要提高自己的初中英语答题水平的话,我们可以从阅读理解提起,然后再以点概面全面攻略其它题型。下面就来说说初中孩子如何提高英语阅读理解,千万别错过。

初中孩子如何提高英语阅读理解

一、单词量需要加大

文章阅读,首先是可以看懂,看得懂就意味着单词的需要积累很多。没有陌生单词的阻碍,在阅读浏览上则会很顺利,理解也会很清晰。

在学习阶段中,要有意识的积累单词,尤其是中考、高考必考的单词,这对考试时是有很大的帮助的。

二、精读课文尤其是精彩文段

课本知识,是基础,是所有英语学习延伸的基石,所以想要流畅的阅读文章,就需要用心的学习日常的课本文章。泛读与精读,双重交叉。精读的作用在于,认真分析文段的结构与布局,在讲明这篇文章时,作者采用了哪些知识内容,在分析整理中,提高阅读理解的能力,同时也要自我思考。

三、多看多读英文刊物

除了学习课本知识、课内文段,还需要每天阅读英文刊物、小说,最好是哪类的题材都有,生活、社会、体育、文化、人物等等,增加课外英文读物,是可以很大程度上提高思考力和逻辑力。另外,也会积累大量的词汇量。

这不但对英语阅读有帮助,还会对自己的文化修养有很大的益处。

四、定期的试题练习掌握做题技巧

不得不不说,我们学习英语,最大的关系就是应对中考、高考,那么定期的试题练习是不可少的。英语阅读理解的试题,可以从往年的真题中挑选,定时定量的做题。在作答后,参照给出的答案,检查自己的错误,以及分析出错的原因,同时也要注意是否有正确理解到出题人的意图,是否顺利的躲避出题陷阱。

在严谨的练习中,提高自己的做题能力,也在做题中不断加强自己的阅读理解能力,循序渐进,日后定会能力超强。

五、英语阅读理解能力的提高离不开语文学习

首先英语是一门语言,是和语文具有同样的意义,在阅读理解上是异曲同工,所以想要提高英语阅读理解能力,语文就需要努力学好。

提高初中英语阅读理解的方法

(1)依据主题句定短文的中心:任意一篇文章通常是围绕一个中心展开并且由段落组成的;段落之间有着内在的紧密联系,而表达段落主题的句子叫主题句,通常置于段落的开头,有时在段落末尾和中间;其它的句子是用来说明和阐述主题句的;若把一个个主题句加以整理,你能悟出其中心思想,同时还可以回避、排除个别生词、难句(等困难信号)所带来的干扰,但也有一些文章的中心思想常贯穿在全文中,因而要综观全文,对全文有一个透彻的理解才行。

如:

My friend Matt and I arrived at the Activity Centre on Friday evening. The accommodation wasn’t wonderful, but we had everything we needed (beds, blankets, food ), and we were pleased to be out of the city and in the fresh air.

On Saturday morning we met the other ten members of our group. Cameron had come along with two friends, Kevin and Simon, while sisters Carole and Lynn had come with Amanda. There were some other members I didn’t know. We had come from different places and none of us knew the area.

We knew we were going to spend the weekend outdoors, but none of us was sure exactly how. Half of us spent the morning caving while the others went rock-climbing and then we changed at lunchtime. Matt and I went to the caves (岩洞) first. Climbing out was harder than going in, but after a good deal of pushing, we were out at last. Though we were covered with mud, we were pleased and excited by what we’d done.

This passage mainly talks about ______________.

A. the writer’s friends at the Activity Center

B. the writer’s experience at the Activity Center

C. outdoor sports at the Activity Center

D. how to go rock-climbing and caving

[参考答案B] 上述这段短文的中心是说明“the writer’s experience at the Activity Center.”。作者以及作者的朋友,还有组上的其他一些成员一起在活动中心度周末的一些活动以及感受。

(2) 掌握具体事实和重要细节:阅读文章时,要求学生养成辨认和记忆具体事实、重要细节的习惯。因为具体事实、重要细节是主题句的扩展、补充、说明或例证,是用来支持和说明中心思想的,而且是阅读理解测试的重要组成部分。

如:If someone asks me: “Do you like music?” I’m sure I will answer him or her: “Of course, I do.” because I think music is an important part of our lives.

Different people have different ideas about music. For me, I like rock music because it’s so exciting. And my favorite rock band, the “Foxy Ladies” (酷妹) is one of the most famous rock bands in the world. I also like pop music. My classmate LiLan loves dance music, because she enjoys dancing. My best friend, Jane, likes jazz music (爵士乐). She thinks jazz is really cool.

“I like dance music and rock very much.” says my brother, “because they are amazing.”

But my mother thinks rock is boring. “I like some relaxing (轻松的) music,” she says. That’s why she likes country music, I think.

①The writer likes music because he thinks ____________.

A. it’s an exciting part of our lives

B. it’s an amazing part of our lives

C. it’s an important part of our lives

②What kind of music does the writer like?

A. Rock and pop music. B. Rock and dance music. C. Jazz and country music.

③Who likes dancing?

A. The writer. B. Li Lan. C. Jane.

④The writer’s mother thinks that country music is __________.

A. amazing B. boring C. relaxing

⑤ How many people’s ideas about music are talked about in this passage (短文)?

A. 4. B. 5. C. 6.

这是几道重要事实和细节的辨认题,全是围绕短文的主题句“Different people have different ideas about music”来展开说明的,起补充举例作用。答案分别为 ① C ② A ③ B ④ C ⑤ B。

(3) 运用构词法、语境线索等帮助来推测关键词义:在阅读文章的过程中,常常会遇到一些生词,如果不懂得这些词义就会妨碍理解,但大部分生词的词义是可以根据上下文,结合构词法、借助文章中的语境线索帮助在理解基础上猜测其词义,这有助于加快阅读速度,提高阅读理解能力。如:

Water is all around us. Water is in the ocean. Water is in the lakes and rivers. Water is in the air. There is more water than land on the earth. All living things must have it. We must have it, too. We cannot live without drinking water. Sometimes, we do not have all the water that we need. The land will dry up without water. Sometimes, there can be too much water in the land. If it rains very, very hard, the rain water will run down the hill. It takes some of the land with it when it runs down the hills. It is called erosion when the water takes the land away.

“Erosion” in the passage means ____________.

A. 地震 B. 雪崩 C. 侵蚀 D. 霜冻

根据前面的语句If it rains very, very hard, the rain water will run down the hills. It takes some of the land with it when it runs down the hills.解释可以推知erosion是一种自然地理现象,即“侵蚀”,答案为C。

英语阅读理解的做题技巧

做阅读理解题,首先需要了解的就是常见的题型。一般来说,阅读理解有主旨大意、推理判断、词义猜测、细节理解四大题型。

主旨大意题作为全文的核心所以作者一定会在文章中通过各种信息来表达自己的观点。在做题的时候如果问你文章的主题,文章的最佳标题,作者的目的态度之类的,一般都是考察此类型的。

主旨题的做题方法是先看首尾,再看中间。一般作者都会在文章的开头或结尾处阐明自己的观点看法主旨,当然也有一些隐晦的藏在中间,需要你快速浏览,找出关键词。

关于推理判断题,要求你在理解原文表面意思的基础上,通过对文章的理解,作出合理的判断,考察你对文章中作者的观点的理解,态度的判断,以及要求你作出合理的判断。

当然啦最终还是要好好学习,技巧只是辅助作用,所以平常多积累,多联系,一定可以的!

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